Table of contents
Facts and (lots of) figures about the ethnic groups in South Australia, to inform anyone involved in Christian mission. Written in 2019 using 2016 census data. I hope to update it in late 2022 with 2021 data.
This article is viewable both on this site and on Mappage, my webapp for looking at statistics. If you're reading on a large screen, you can read this article in Mappage, where I have set it up with lots of maps and charts.
This article is viewable both on this page and in plain form on the GeoMiss site. Most of the links in here will show maps and charts. You can usually move the mouse around one the map/chart to see more details. There are a few hundred links, so you need only click the ones that interest you. Anything I thought important is in the text here. This is not so much an article with a Google Map embedded; it is my statistics & mapping webapp (called Mappage) which I have set up to accommodate articles like this. Clicking the links just changes the settings on the right. You're not restricted to what the links provide; you can look around for yourself at any other stats. I've spent many hours looking at stats in Mappage (as well as ABS' TableBuilder) in compiling this article.
The main source is the 2016 census, from which I get numbers of people for any country of birth or language spoken, along with any details I find, like religious affiliation, where in the state they live, etc. I also mention if I know of churches in SA of those groups.
The main marker of ethnicity I use is "Language spoken at home". If a person speaks English and another language, it's the other one that counts. This document includes every language with over 500 speakers or over 200 who arrived since 2000, although some at the end are listed only briefly. I sometimes use "Country of birth". The census also includes Ancestry, but I haven't used it.
I originally wrote this in 2015 using 2011 census data. In updating it using the 2016 data, I have often retained the 2011 figure for comparison (shown in brown like this), particularly if it has changed a lot. I've also found migration statistics that include 2016-17 preliminary figures, so I sometimes quote them. If you want more details on a particular group, ask me and I'll dig up all the detail available.
I'm writing this closer to the 2021 census than the 2016 one1The census was August 2016, the main data release was June 2017 but I had little spare time for this until 2019., so I feel like I'm late to the party. The numbers in some ethnic groups grew a lot between 2011 and 2016. I imagine some have continued to grow, so this may be getting out of date even as I write it.
Due to time constraints, the possibility of my writing more and my preference for adding information rather than tidying up, this remains rough, with arbitrary roundings, abbreviations and simplifications and inconsistently formatted. There's plenty more I could have added, but there's more than enough already. If anyone wants more details, I can provide that. In particular, the ABS website (QuickStats, Table Builder etc) has lots of census data in different forms.
It's worth describing the majority ethnic group so we can later describe any minorities.
The majority of South Australians are English speaking from British and other European ancestry. Some have ancestors here since the 19th century. Some arrived recently from other English-speaking countries with similar culture to ours, and can be considered part of the majority culture.
83% of SA speak English-only, but this includes some from other ethnic groups, so majority Australians (for want of a better term) probably make up 70-75% of SA. A 12
Only 66% of uni students speak English-only.
76% of SA were born in Australia C 11
Majority Australians are a much bigger majority outside Adelaide, in the southern suburbs, coastal suburbs, Adelaide Hills and Tea Tree Gully. Their numbers are lowest in inner and northern Adelaide, particularly the CBD and the middle half of Port Adelaide Enfield.
115,000 (7.4%) were born in the UK. C 21 They are part of the majority Australian ethnic group but have a distinctive geographical distribution, with high concentrations in "sea change" areas and outer suburbs. 56% came during 1956-75. 57% Christian inc 33% Anglican, which I expect is mostly nominal.
12,900 were born in New Zealand C 12
Most Christian denominations represented in SA, apart from the Orthodox, began among the majority Australians. Because of the long history of the Church in Australia, many majority Australians are nominal Christians, making it tricky to use the census to estimate the proportion of active Christians for any given area. But for many of the groups below (most of the non-Europeans), a larger proportion of the census Christians will be active Christians. Nationally, NCLS reports that 27% of church attenders (up from 18% in 2006) were born in a non-English-speaking country, compared to 22% of all Australians, while those born in non-English-speaking countries are slightly less likely to be Christian in the census.
The main non-Christian religions came from the ethnic minorities and still have very few adherents among majority Australians. Majority Australians are far more likely to be non-religious than minorities.
Immigrants old and new
The next biggest language groups after English B listLang are Italian 1.8%, Mandarin 1.8%, Greek 1.5%, Vietnamese 1.2%. Next are Cantonese, Punjabi, Arabic and Tagalog 2I'm combining the figures for Tagalog and Filipino. with 0.6%. Hindi, German, Polish and Spanish all have over 5000.
If we look just at the 135,000 people in our state who migrated to Australia since 2005, B listLangSince the list is a bit different. English-only is still top with 23%. Mandarin is 14%. Punjabi, Tagalog and Hindi have 5000-7000. Arabic, Vietnamese, Cantonese and Gujarati each have 3000-4000, followed by more Asian languages. This document pays more attention to the more recently arrived groups than some of the European groups who came here in earlier decades.
Only 4.1% of speakers of other languages do not speak English at all and a further 13.3% do not speak English well. B listEnglish34. This is higher for those who came recently from countries where English is not spoken (eg Afghanistan, Myanmar).
After Australia, the most common countries of birth B listBpl are England 97,400 (6.2%), India 27,600, mainland China 24,600, Italy 18,500 and Vietnam 14,300.
Looking at those who arrived since 2005, B listBplSince: India 23,100, England 20,500, mainland China 20,100, Philippines 8560, Afghanistan 5870.
Many of those recently arrived will leave again soon (eg students) but many stay. I haven't looked much at the flows into and out of South Australia.
There are over 160 ethnic minority churches and congregations in SA. B mapAllEthnic
Total who speak a Chinese language 40,700 (1.8% of SA, up from 28,100)
24% do not speak English well.
Spread all through the inner suburbs, most of eastern suburbs are 5-10% Chinese-speaking. 29% in the city. A 71
The migration numbers are tricky to follow.
2210 arrived in the 7 months of 2016 before the census
5060 were overseas one year before the census 3210 of those were in Australia 2011 though.
16,190 were overseas five years before
23,800 arrived in 2006 or later
This indicates that on top of continuing immigration, there are thousands of Chinese annually who come to South Australia and leave within a few years. There is also a net interstate migration of 400 a year out of SA.
Chinese speakers by country of birth: B listChiBpl
Mainland China 23,200 (up from 14,600)
Hong Kong 3050
Taiwan 1570, Vietnam 1150, Singapore 910, Cambodia 400
2016-17 net immigration of 2830 from mainland China, 330 from Malaysia, 120 from Singapore, 70 from Hong Kong.
Mandarin 28,800 (up from 15,500) A 7104
12% Buddhist, 14% Christian, 70% No Rel
(born mainland China 11,100 : 8% Buddhist, 8% Christian, 80% No Rel)
Cantonese 9670 (up from 9000) A 7101
20% Buddhist, 20% Christian, 54% No Rel
(born mainland China 2000 : 15% Buddhist, 11% Christian, 69% No Rel)
Min Nan 810 A 7107
41% Buddhist, 29% Christian, 23% No Rel
Total 14% Buddhist (down from 22%), 15% Christian (4% Catholic), 65% No Religion (up from 53%)
10,000 uni students (up from 7420), accounting for an eighth of all SA's uni students.
Several churches in Adelaide have services in Mandarin or Cantonese.
Indian & subcontinent
At the census there were around 41,000 South Australians born in the Indian subcontinent, 2.6% of SA's population (7.7% of those aged 30-39). 86% of them arrived since 2006. As there are several different Indian language groups, some of which cross national borders, I include them as a group. They are.
By country of birth:
India 27,600 (18,700) C 7103 40% aged 30-39, 2590 net arrivals 2016-17
Sri Lanka 3790 (2670) C 7107
Pakistan 3440 (1360) C 7106
Nepal 2850 (1040) C 7105 68% aged 20-39, 700 net arrivals
Bangladesh 1970 (1290) C 7101 43% aged 30-39, 120 net arrivals 2016-17
Bhutan 1410 (700) C 7102 110 net arrivals
Although they are a number of different people groups they have a lot in common.
They live in large numbers in Port-Enfield.
33,700 came to Australia since 2005.
For some groups there is a male majority, not as marked as it was in 2011.
It is worth looking at some of the different language groups:
Punjabi 9310 (4430) A 5207
From the Indian state of Punjab AND the Pakistani province of Punjab
81% Sikh, 14% Hindu
55% male (was 60%)
31% of SA's automobile (taxi) drivers speak Punjabi.
Hindi 7310 (4420) A 5203
From northern & central India
76% Hindu, 7% Sikh, 6% Muslim, 4% Christian
Nepali 4500 (1730) A 5206
From Nepal and Bhutan
76% Hindu, 10% Buddhist, 4% Christian
There is a Nepali congregation at Playford Baptist.
Gujarati 4350 (2400) A 5202
From the western Indian state of Gujarat
Malayalam 3690 (2190) A 5102
From the southern state of Kerala
77% Christian (34% Western Catholic, 17% Syraic Catholic, 12% Syraic Orthodox), 20% Hindu
Biggest concentration in NW Adelaide
Catholic churches in Parafield Gardens(3), Thebarton(2), St Marys, (Croydon Park)
Mar Thoma church in Woodville
Orthodox church in Elizabeth Park
Church of South India in Broadview
Pentecostal churches in Seaton, Broadview, Croydon, North Plympton
Urdu 2940 (1330) A 5212
91% Muslim (down from 96%)
Spread around Adelaide, with more in the southern suburbs
Tamil 2700 (1700) A 5103
From the southern state of Tamil Nadu AND Sri Lanka
69% Hindu 23% Christian (12% Catholic)
Quite a few live in eastern suburbs
Tamil Anglican church at Lockleys, plus monthly services at Hectorville Catholic, Rostrevor Baptist
Sinhalese 2640 (1720) A 5211
From Sri Lanka
78% Buddhist, 18% Christian (15% Catholic)
More in the eastern suburbs
Monthly Sri Lankan Christian Fellowship at Burnside City UC
Bengali 2410 (1480) A 5201
From the eastern state of West Bengal AND Bangladesh
73% Muslim, 17% Hindu
Telugu 1330 (700) A 5104
From the SE states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
87% Hindu, 8% Christian
Marathi 700 (400) A 5205
From the western state of Maharashtra
87% Hindu, 6% Christian
Kannada 450 (300) A 5101
SW state of Karnataka
89% Hindu, 5% Christian
No Religion is under 4% for all the above language groups
There were 22,900 Hindus in SA in 2016 (up from 13,600). 58% were born in India (was 65%), 17% from elsewhere in south Asia, 16% (was 10%) in Australia. Only 1.3% had both parents born in Australia.
Aboriginal & Islands
There were 33,200 Aboriginal people in SA in the census (was 29,400), 2.1% of the state. B mapAbor
Half in Adelaide, with highest numbers in Playford and Port-Enfield. Half outside Adelaide, with most in northern areas, including 2100 in APY Lands where they are the majority.
83% speak English-only
3290 (was 3490) speak Indigenous languages A 87
Languages: Pitjantjatjara 1810 (2140) A 8714, Ngarrindjeri 280 (250), Adnymathanha 130, Yankunytjatjara 110 (190)
In Outback, No Rel 39% (25%), total Christian 49%, 2.8% (10%) Aboriginal Traditional Religion B pieAborRelOutback
In Adelaide, No Rel 56% (41%), total Christian 35% (43%) B pieAborRelAdelaide
Biggest drop-offs in Christian population were the cohort aged 25-29 and western Adelaide.
There are a number of Aboriginal churches in Adelaide as well as through the outback (mostly missing from the map).
800 speakers of Pacific Austronesian languages A 93
89% Christian (19% Catholic, 15% Christian nfd, 11% LDS 4Latter-day Saints are included as a category of Christian. With 2710 in the state this is a rare case where their numbers are noticeable.)
Maori (NZ) 220, Maori (Cook Islands) 60
Fijian 170, Samoan 160, Tongan 130
People born in countries
Fiji 1180 - 43% Hindu, 32% Christian, 9% Muslim C 1502
Papua New Guinea 890 - 89% English; 63% Christian (11% Lutheran) C 1302
Maori evangelical church in Murray Bridge. Pacific Islander ACC in Smithfield Plains. Samoan SDA at Modbury, ACC in Norwood? Fijian congregation at Vermont UC. Tongan congregation at Broadview UC. Other Islander church in Prospect?
There are many Pacific Islander seasonal workers who sometimes live in South Australia and were not here for the census.
29,100 people (1.6% of SA, down from 33,300), speak Italian, mostly aged 50+. A 24
The largest numbers are in Campbelltown (where they are 13.4%). They are 87% Catholic (was 90%).
18,500 South Australians were born in Italy, with peak arrivals 1952-64.
96,000 (91,900) indicated Italian ancestry, with 70% of those Catholic (down from 76%).
Several Catholic churches in Adelaide have mass in Italian, as well as a few pentecostal churches.
I estimate Italian-speaking Catholics are slightly more nominal than Australian Catholics generally.
23,000 (1.6% of South Australians, down from 25,300 people) speak Greek. A 22
The largest numbers are in the inner and western suburbs.
91% Eastern Orthodox. There are several Greek Orthodox churches around South Australia, including some that are not part of the main grouping. Baptist church in Renown Park.
9760 people born in Greece. Peak arrivals were 1954-65.
16,000 people speak Vietnamese. A 6302
32% do not speak English well.
1900 uni students (1230)
Port-Enfield and Salisbury have the most. In particular, they are 21% of the population of the Parks area.
43% Buddhist (was 51%), 30% Christian (was 33%, with 28% Catholic), 23% No Rel (was 13%)
14,300 people born in Vietnam (12,000). Many arrivals 1979-1992 as well as the last 10 years. 530 net arrivals in 2016-17.
Evangelical churches in Renown Park and Broadview. Catholic churches in Pooraka and Woodville Park. Vietnamese Catholics are less nominal than Australian Catholics generally.
12,480 total born Philippines (8860) C 5204
Net immigration of 630 in 2016-17.
63% female (65%). There is a long history of Filipino women coming here to marry Australian men, which continues to the present.
Males (hence whole Filipino families) are in significant numbers in Port-Enfield and Salisbury.
The wives of Aussies are spread around more evenly. B mapPhilM B mapPhilF
Most common ages for those born Philippines 32-45
93% Christian (was 96%, 75% Catholic)
Filipino Catholics are less nominal than Australian Catholics generally.
Language = Tagalog/Filipino 9350 (6790) A 6511+6512
Inc uni students 200 M 320 F
Other languages: Bisaya 310, Cebuano 230.
Arrivals have been mostly since 1980, a peak in 1988, larger numbers from 2006. Arrived from 2006 on: 3080 M 4170 F
Springpark BC is majority Filipino, (Edwardstown BC also has Filipino ministry). Pentecostal church at Rosewater.
Filipino mass rotating between Catholic churches at Greenacres, Noarlunga Downs, Salisbury, Ottoway.
About 8800 South Australians (was 9800) were born in the former Yugoslavia, including
Croatia 2860 (3130) C 3204
Bosnia-Herzegovina 1930 (2160) C 3202
Serbia 1320 C 3215
Slovenia 330 (420)
Peak arrivals 1968-71 and 1993-2001.
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Yugoslavian refer to the same language. The different language identifications identify the cultural groups more closely than the country of birth. Some of these language groups have one main religious affiliation.
Serbian 4180 A 3505
68% Eastern Orthodox (87%), Christian nfd 15%
A lot concentrated around Hendon
Serbian Orthodox churches in Hindmarsh, Woodville Park, Coober Pedy
Croatian 3080 (3440) A 3503
84% Catholic (86%)
Many spread around west and inner north of Adelaide
Catholic churches in Ridleyton, North Adelaide and city (St Patrick's)
Bosnian 1400 A 3501
50% Muslim (63%), 30% No Religion (23%)
290 in the Parks area
Yugoslavian 510 A 3507
Albanian 580 (largely from Albania, but some from Kosovo) A 3901
Port-Enfield, Charles Sturt
52% Catholic, 23% Muslim (31%)
Macedonian 640 (370) A 3504
Many in coastal western suburbs
Majority born in Australia
71% Eastern Orthodox (88%), 15% Christian nfd
Macedonian Orthodox churches in Findon and Woodville South
Catholic church in West Hindmarsh
I estimate that Catholics of Yugoslavian background are a lot more nominal than Australian Catholics generally. I suspect the same holds for the Serbian Orthodox, but I have no data.
9280 (7470) speak Arabic A 4202
19% do not speak English well.
1160 uni students
55% Muslim (accounting for 18% of SA's 28,200 Muslims B pieMuslimLang)
27% Christian (was 37%, 12% Cath, 11% Orthodox), 7% Druse, 5% No Rel
By country of birth:
1290 Lebanon - Catholic, Muslim, Druse
1080 Iraq - Muslim
940 Saudi Arabia (660) - Muslim
860 Egypt (590) - Coptic
700 Syria (200) - majority Muslim
510 Sudan/South Sudan - various Christian
240 Iran, 200 Jordan
2016-17 net immigration of 470 from Syria, 90 from UAE, 70 from Iraq and 190 more from various Arab countries. Net emigration of 110 born in Saudi Arabia.
Coptic churches in Cowandilla and Huntfield Heights. Evangelical church in Richmond. Lebanese Maronite Catholic Church in Westbourne Park.
17,300 South Australians were born on the African continent. Taking out those from the Arabic-speaking north Africa and the large number of South Africans leaves about 9000 from the mostly black African nationalities. Many came as refugees. Some were born in a transit country.
Country of birth:
Sudan/South Sudan 5Most people indicating Sudan would have been born in what is now South Sudan. 1850 C 4105+4111
Kenya 1670 (1160) C 9208
Zimbabwe 1470 C 9232
Ethiopia 790 (580) C 9207
DR Congo 630 C 9108
Burundi 640 C 9203
Liberia 530 C 9118
Nigeria 520 (290) C 9214
Tanzania 480 C 9227
Eritrea 310 C 9206
Sierra Leone 240
9170 people speak African languages (was 6790). A 92 B stackAfrBplLang B stackAfrLangBpl
Inc 1270 uni students
There are a number of language groups well represented.
Swahili 2010 (1210) A 9211
from Kenya (770), DR Congo (430), Tanzania (160), Congo (140)
82% Christian, 11% Muslim
29% aged 20-29
Spread around Adelaide with more in the north.
Lots arrived 2005-10
A few churches in Adelaide speak Swahili
Dinka 1780 (1440) A 9216
from S Sudan (770) and Kenya (270)
95% Christian (47% Anglican, 34% Catholic)
31% aged 0-9
Majority in northern suburbs, lots in Playford
Most arrived 2003-07
A few Dinka churches including Elizabeth (Anglican), Elizabeth North (Uniting)
Kirundi 880 A 9247
from Burundi and Tanzania
93% Christian (30% Pentecostal, 20% Catholic)
32% aged 10-19
Kirundi-speaking churches in Elizabeth Grove, Elizabeth, Davoren Park (2), Kilkenny
Majority in Playford, more in Salisbury.
Half arrived 2005-07
Shona 620 (430) A 9207
Spead around Adelaide, more in the north
86% Christian (24% Catholic)
Peak arrivals 2006-09
Amharic 500 (320) A 9214
91% Christian (55% Orthodox)
Majority in western suburbs
Ethiopian Orthodox church in Ferryden Park, Greenacres?
Somali 410 A 9208
from Somalia and Kenya
27% aged 10-19
West & inner north of Adelaide, with lots in the Parks
Lots arrived 2005-2010
Tigrinya 320 (120)
from Eritrea and Ethiopia
West & north
Eritrean Orthodox church in Enfield
Eritrean evangelical churches in Findon, West Croydon
from Liberia and Guinea
Half in Port-Enfield
from Sierra Leone
63% Christian, 29% Muslim
Other Liberians, who are largely English-speaking, are mostly Christian (a lot Baptist, Pentecostal and Uniting), also with a lot in Port-Enfield
Acholi 150 (S Sudan)
Yoruba 150 (SW Nigeria) 37% aged 30s
Igbo 150 (SE Nigeria)
Bari 150 (S Sudan)
Madi 140 (S Sudan, Uganda)
Kinyarwanda 140 (Rwanda)
Oromo 130 (Ethiopia)
Akan 110 (Ghana)
Swahili, Dinka, Kirundi and Madi have their highest concentration in Davoren Park. Amharic, Somali, Mandinka, Krio and Oromo all have their highest concentration in the Parks.
There are more than 25 African churches around Adelaide, including quite a few in Playford.
6210 South Australians were born in South Africa, C 9225 mostly white and relatively well-off.
They are spread around Adelaide, mostly the richer suburbs. Highest concentration in Hallett Cove.
One South African subset of interest is those speaking Afrikaans. At the census they numbered 2080. A 1403
Most had arrived since 2005.
84% Christian (was 88%), with a large proportion of active Christians.
The Christian Reformed Churches in Campbelltown, Elizabeth Vale and Hallett Cove have a lot of South Africans.
There were 4290 English speaking South Africans (plus 780 Zimbabweans with similar characteristics).
Their arrival dates go back to 1960, with over half since 1998 and peaking at 2008-09.
62% Christian (69%), 29% No Religion (20%).
6310 South Australians were born in Afghanistan, up from 3290. C 7201
Most arrived from 2005 on, with an earlier peak 2000-01.
65% male. 990 more married men than married women. 6This sent me down a rabbit hole. While there are some Afghan-born men married to women born elsewhere, there were 940 married Afghan men in SA living without their wives (730 Hazaraghi-speaking), who presumably were still in Afghanistan. Most of these arrived 2006-2015. Looking back to the 2011 census, there were already 360 men in that category, the majority having arrived in 2009-11. I don't know anything of the dynamics at play in these families.
93% Muslim (97%)
They are found in largest numbers in northern Adelaide, as well as Naracoorte, Renmark and Murray Bridge.
Speakers of Afghan languages:
Hazaraghi 3930, (1240) A 4107. 41% do not speak English well.
Dari 3410 (2250) A 4105
Pashto 590 (200) A 4102
2110 (830) speak a Burmese language A 61. About half do not speak English well.
Chin Haka 570 (40) A 6102
Burmese 510 A 6101
Karen 350 (200) A 6103
Zomi 180 A 6105
misc Burmese 450 (190) A 6100+6199
1520 (720) people born in Myanmar C 5101. Most arrived since 2005. Net immigration of 120 in 2016-17.
Christian 80% (Baptist 56%), Buddhist 12%
Karen live mostly in Mt Gambier. The others live largely in the northern suburbs.
Several churches in Salisbury and Playford, including Chin, Burmese, Lai and Lisu.
Karen congregations at Mt Gambier Baptist and Playford Baptist, a Zo congregation at Salisbury Baptist.
Other Middle Eastern & Central Asian
Farsi 4750 (2900) A 4106
from Iran and Afghanistan
Half arrived since 2000, some in the 1980s
39% Muslim, 20% Baha'i (35%), 25% No Rel (13%), 9% Not stated, 6% Christian
Spread around Adelaide. The Baha'i live largely in the southern suburbs. Farsi churches in North Plympton, Morphett Vale and Queenstown.
The large numbers of conversions of Iranians to Christ was one of the good news stories of last decade. I expected to see more Christians this time.
Net immigration of 240 Iranians in 2016-17.
Kurdish 750 A 4101
from Iraq and Iran
They started arriving around 1995.
49% Muslim (62%), 38% No Religion (30%)
Tea Tree Gully and Salisbury
Turkish 700 A 4301
Started migrating in the 1960s. Nearly half were born in Australia.
68% Muslim, 11% No Rel
Renmark, Murray Bridge, Virginia
Uygur 400 A 4305
from western China
Most came from 2003 onwards.
Hebrew 190 A 4204
from Uzbekistan, Muslim
Peak arrivals 2006-08
German 6460 (7460) A 1301 - Barossa, Adelaide Hills. Lutheran church in city.
Polish 5680 A 3602 - Salisbury, Port-Enfield, Charles Sturt. Pentecostal church in Albert Park. SDA church in College Park. Catholic churches in Croydon Park, Morphett Vale, Ottoway, Salisbury.
Spanish 5670 (4910) A 2303 (Americas) - Salvadorians live in Salisbury (esp Paralowie), the rest spread around Adelaide. Many of the more recent arrivals are from Colombia, Venezuela, Mexico. Pentecostal churches in Salisbury Park and city. Protestant church in Croydon Park. Catholic mass in city (and monthly in Kilburn, Noarlunga Downs).
Russian 3290 A 3402 - the evangelical community lives around Port Adelaide (two churches in Queenstown), the others are spread around (Russian Orthodox church in Wayville)
Dutch 2560 (3110) A 1401 - 41% No Religion. Southern suburbs. The Christian Reformed Churches (Campbelltown, Elizabeth Vale, Hallett Cove) originated with the Dutch.
French 2820 (2140) A 21 - rich suburbs
Portuguese 1550 (1050) A 2302 - 730 from Brazil, 410 from Portugal (western Adelaide), 2016-17 net emigration of 120 Brazilians. Catholic church in city.
Hungarian 1410 A 33 - east Adelaide. Churches in College Park (Catholic), Unley (Reformed), Salisbury East.
Ukrainian 1100 A 3403 - 62% male. Port-Enfield, Charles Sturt. Catholic churches in Woodville and Wayville, Orthodox churches in Croydon and Kilkenny.
Romanian 970 A 3904 - Playford - Churches in Ovingham (Orthodox), Salisbury North (pentecostal), Mile End? (baptist)
Maltese 840 A 25 - west and north Adelaide. Monthly Catholic mass in Lockleys and Kilburn.
Latvian 490 (630) A 3101 - rich suburbs - Lutheran church in Wayville
Other East/Southeast Asian
Khmer (Cambodia) 4260 (3670) A 6301 - Salisbury; 36% do not speak English well
Korean 3600 (3060) A 73 - east & inner Adelaide, several churches
Japanese 2200 A 72 - 57% female, east & inner Adelaide. Church in city.
Indonesian 1820 A 6504 - lots around Flinders Uni. Churches in Wayville and city. Monthly Catholic mass in Dernancourt.
Thai 1960 (1370) A 6402 - 70% female
Malay 1020 A 6505 - inner Adelaide
Lao 700 A 6401 - many in Salisbury, some in Naracoorte
Auslan 850 A 9701
Deaf church at Magill
Much of my data of churches has come from trawling the internet. While not bothering to list all my sources, the one I must acknowledge is the Catholic Archdiocese of Adelaide list of multicultural mass times.
There's already been an info overload here, but if I were to add any more ABS data, that would be ancestry statistics (census), more detailed year of arrival data (was available for 2011, but I don't have for 2016) and making further use of post-census migration data.